12 effective forex trading techniques

We all know that starting out in forex trading may be difficult, but choosing the appropriate forex trading techniques to trade with is crucial for newcomers to the market.

The foreign exchange market is the world’s largest and most liquid financial market. It attracts traders because it has a daily trading volume of $6.6 trillion, which is more than double that of the New York Stock Exchange.

For those ready to take on the danger, currency trading may be a lucrative business. However, if novices want to succeed in the long run, they must avoid a number of mistakes.

That entails determining the appropriate trading strategy!

Continue reading to learn about effective forex trading techniques and what you need to know as a newbie trader to succeed in the forex market. But first, learn what a forex trading techniques is and how to select the best one for your needs.

What is the definition of a forex trading techniques?

A trading strategy is a collection of rules that a trader uses to determine when to make a trade, how to manage it, and when to exit it. A trading strategy can be either basic or quite sophisticated, depending on the trader.

Traders who use technical analysis will have an easier time defining their entry/exit rules, but traders who use fundamental analysis may have a harder time because there is more discretion involved. Regardless, every trader should have a plan in place, since this is the most effective approach to create consistency and correctly assess success.


How do you select the most effective forex trading techniques?

Only a small percentage of traders are able to identify the best forex strategy right immediately. The vast majority will devote a large amount of time to backtesting and/or testing multiple techniques using a demo trading account. This ensures that your testing are conducted in a secure and risk-free environment.

Even if a trader discovers a technique that produces positive returns and feels good, it is doubtful that they would continue with it for a long time. The financial markets are continuously changing, and traders must adapt to keep up.

If you’re a newbie, it’s probably best to adhere to simple tactics. Many novice traders make the mistake of attempting to include too many technical indicators into their approach, resulting in information overload and contradicting signals. You may always change your approach as you go, based on your backtesting and demo trading experience.

Most commonly used forex trading techniques for beginners

  • 1. Price action trading
  • 2. Range trading strategy
  • 3. Trend trading strategy
  • 4. Position trading
  • 5. Day trading strategy
  • 6. Scalping strategy
  • 7. Swing trading
  • 8. Carry trade strategy
  • 9. Breakout strategy
  • 10. News trading
  • 11. Retracement trading
  • 12. Grid trading

1. Price action trading

Instead of using technical indicators, price action trading focuses on making decisions based on the price fluctuations of a certain item (e.g. RSI, MACD, Bollinger Bands). You may use a range of price action tactics in forex trading techniques, including breakouts, reversals, and basic and sophisticated candlestick patterns.

Technical indicators are not usually included in a price action approach, but if they are, they should be utilized as a supplement rather than as the main focus. Simple indicators, such as moving averages, are used by some traders to assist detect the trend.

Price action trading has the advantage of keeping your charts clean and reducing the danger of information overload. Multiple indicators on a chart might provide contradictory messages, which can be confusing, especially for novices.

Reading the price movement can also help you have a better sense of the market and see trends more quickly. Another explanation for the popularity of price action trading among day traders is that it is better suited to those hoping to benefit from short-term swings. When day trading, you must make rapid judgments, and having a “clean chart” and focusing just on price activity can help you do so.

A simple breakout trading technique is shown below. 1.1772 was a key support level, and our trader was hoping for a breakthrough so they could short EUR/USD and benefit from the subsequent move lower. The general trend appears to be in their favor (downtrend). After a breakthrough, the currency pair dropped more than 70 pips before reaching support at 1.1700.

EURUSD chart with price action trading

Some traders like to join as soon as the price breaks below the crucial support level (perhaps with a sell stop order), while others prefer to watch the price movement and act later. False breakouts are common, thus having adequate risk management policies in place to deal with them is critical.

2. Range trading strategy

Traders that employ a range trading in forex trading techniques will seek for trade instruments that are consolidating in a specific range. This range might be anything from 20 pips to several hundred pips, depending on the timeframe you’re trading on. The trader is seeking for consistently maintaining support and resistance zones, with price rebounding off the support region and being rejected at the resistance area.

This method requires traders to seek for trading instruments that are not trending. You can accomplish so by just looking at the instrument’s price activity, or by using indicators like the moving average and the average Ddrection index (ADX). The weaker the trend, the lower the ADX number.

After you’ve located a viable trading instrument, you’ll need to figure out what range it’s consolidating inside.

When the price hits the region of critical resistance, sell, and buy when the price hits the area of key support, according to a traditional range trading technique. Some traders will trade “bands” or “areas,” while others will focus on two specific levels. For example, if you identified 1.17 as a key resistance level, but price frequently stalls at 1.1690 or 1.1695, you can highlight that area (1.1690 – 1.17) and begin looking for selling opportunities within it. If you only focus on that level, you may miss out on potential trading chances, since price can often reverse before it reaches there.

The EUR/SEK currency pair is an example of a range trading currency pair. Most of the time, the ADX has low readings, and we can see that the price has frequently bounced off the 10.00/04 support region, while having difficulty breaking through the resistance area between 10.27 and 10.30.

forex trading techniques | marmarafx1.com

3. Trend trading strategy

Identifying trade opportunities in the direction of the trend is a key component of forex trading techniques. The theory behind it is that the trading instrument will continue to trend in the same way as it is now (up or down).

We’re talking about an uptrend when prices are continually rising (making higher highs). A downtrend will be indicated by falling prices (the trading instrument making lower lows).

Traders can employ supporting tools to detect the trend, except when looking at price movement. One of the most popular is moving averages. Traders can employ MA crossovers or just look at whether the price is trading above or below a moving average (the 200 DMA is a prominent and often monitored one).

You’ll need to select a fast MA and a slow MA to employ moving average crossovers (which can also be used as entry signals). The 50 DMA and the 200 DMA are two prominent examples. The crossover of the 50-day moving average above the 200-day moving average might signal the start of an uptrend, and vice versa.

The USD/JPY and two DMA crosses are shown in the sample below (50 DMA & 200 DMA).

forex trading techniques | marmarafx1.com

4. Position trading

Position trading in forex trading techniques aims to profit from long-term trend moves while disregarding the short-term noise that occurs on a daily basis. Traders that use this sort of trading strategy may leave positions open for weeks, months, and even years.

It is one of the most challenging trading methods, along with scalping. It necessitates a trader’s extreme discipline, the ability to ignore noise and remain cool even when a position swings against them by hundreds of pips.

Consider this scenario: In early 2018, you had a pessimistic perspective on markets. You sold a short position in the S&P 500 at the start of the year with the aim of holding the position for the remainder of the year. While the price swings at the start and close of the year were enjoyable, the surge from March to September might have been a bitter experience. Only a few traders have the discipline to hold positions for such a lengthy period of time.

5. Day trading strategy

Day traders in forex trading techniques, unlike scalpers, do not normally hold deals for only a few seconds. Their trading day, on the other hand, tends to be centered on a certain session or time of day, when they try to take advantage of chances. While scalpers may trade on an M1 chart, day traders often trade on anything from the M15 to the H1 chart.

Scalpers often open more than 10 trades each day (some of the most active traders may even open more than 100), whereas day traders take things a little slowly and aim to identify 2-3 solid chances per day.

If you want to terminate your positions before the trading day ends but don’t want the extreme degree of pressure that comes with scalping, day trading may be for you.

6. Scalping strategy

Traders who scalp are looking to profit from minor intraday price changes in forex trading techniques. Some traders have a trading aim of only 5 pips, and the transaction time might range from seconds to minutes. Scalpers must be able to work with data and make rapid judgments, even while under duress. They also spend more time in front of the computer and prefer to specialize in one or a few markets (for example, just scalping EUR/USD or only S&P 500 futures).

Being a scalper has the advantage of allowing you to focus on a small timeframe of the market, without having to worry about holding your holdings overnight or deciphering long-term fundamentals.

Scalping, on the other hand, comes with a lot of pressure because it requires you to be completely concentrated during your trading session. Furthermore, while your transactions are only open for a few minutes, it is simpler to make mistakes and react emotionally. As a result, it may not be the greatest trading technique for beginners to begin with.

7. Swing trading

Swing trading in forex trading techniques refers to traders who keep their positions open for several days at a time. They may utilize an H1 to a D1 chart, or even a weekly chart. Trend following, range trading, and breakout trading are all popular trading methods.

forex trading techniques | marmarafx1.com

Traders who use this trading strategy must be patient and disciplined. It might take days for a good chance to present itself, or you could wind yourself holding a trade open for a week or more while losing money. Some traders lack the patience to wait for the right opportunity and close their transactions too soon.

Swing trading may be the appropriate trading technique for you if you want to analyze markets without being rushed and are fine with holding positions for days or even weeks. It also allows you to incorporate basic analysis (trying to predict monetary policy changes or political events), which is impossible to accomplish while scalping.

8. Carry trade strategy

A trader who employs the carry trade in forex trading techniques seeks to benefit on the interest rate differential between the two currencies that make up a currency pair.

A trader would purchase a high-interest-rate currency and sell a low-interest-rate currency. Going long AUD/JPY is a prominent example (because to Australia’s historically high interest rates and Japan’s historically low interest rates). The trader will be paid an interest rate dependent on the amount of their position if they do so.

One of the advantages of a carry trading strategy is that you may earn a lot of money just by maintaining a position. Of course, the correct market climate is required for this to succeed. If the AUD/JPY is in a significant downturn and you are long, the interest payments will not be enough to compensate for the total negative PnL.

Carry trades in forex trading techniques work effectively in a bullish market when traders are looking for a high level of risk. Because the Japanese Yen is a historic safe haven, many carry trades involve shorting the Yen against a “risk-on” currency.

You should, however, be aware of the features of the money you are purchasing. For example, higher commodities prices will boost the Australian Dollar, and rising oil prices will benefit the Canadian Dollar, and so on.

Below is a chart of the AUD/JPY, with a time marked when the currency pair was performing exceptionally well and a carry trade would have made perfect sense.

forex trading techniques | marmarafx1.com

9. Breakout strategy

The goal of a breakout strategy in forex trading techniques is to enter a trade as soon as the price breaks out of its trading range. Traders seek high momentum, and the real breakout is the indication to enter the trade and profit from the subsequent market action.

Traders can initiate positions at market, which requires constant monitoring of price movement, or by putting buy and sell stop orders. They will normally position the stop just below or above the previous resistance or support levels. Traders can utilize traditional support/resistance levels to determine their exit goals.

forex trading techniques | marmarafx1.com

10. News trading

News trading is a forex trading techniques in which a trader attempts to benefit on a market shift provoked by a big news event. This might be anything from a central bank meeting to the release of economic statistics to a surprise incident (natural disaster or geopolitical tensions escalating).

News trading is particularly dangerous since the market is extremely unpredictable at the time. You may also notice a considerable increase in the spread of the impacted trading products. Due to dwindling liquidity, you may have slippage, which means your transaction may be completed at a considerably lower price than expected, or you may have difficulty exiting your trade at the level you intended.

Let’s look at how you may trade the news now that you’re aware of the hazards.

First and foremost, you must decide which event you wish to trade and which currency pair(s) it will have the greatest impact on. A meeting of the European Central Bank will undoubtedly have the greatest influence on the Euro. Which currency combination, though, should you choose? If you anticipate a hawkish ECB signaling rate rises, a low-yielding currency, such as the Japanese Yen, might be a good choice. As a result, EUR/JPY may be the best option.

Furthermore, you have the option of approaching news trading with a bias or without one at all. It indicates you have a notion of where the market will go depending on how the event plays out. News trading without a bias, on the other hand, indicates that you’ll aim to catch the large move regardless of its direction.

The impact of the July NFP report on the US500 is seen here.

forex trading techniques | marmarafx1.com

11. Retracement trading

Temporary shifts in the direction of a trading instrument forex trading techniques are referred to as retracement trading. Retracements are not to be mistaken with reversals; reversals signify a significant shift in the trend, whilst retracements are only transitory pullbacks. You are still trading in the direction of the trend when you trade retracements. You’re attempting to profit from short-term price reversals inside a larger trend.

You may trade retracements in a variety of ways. You might, for example, utilize trendlines. Let’s have a look at the US500 chart below. The index is clearly in an uptrend, and the rising trendline may have been a good place to purchase (once the price tests the actual trendline).

Another popular method for trading retracements is Fibonacci retracements, notably the 38.2 percent, 61.8 percent, and 78.6 percent levels.


Forex trading techniques 12. Grid trading

Grid trading in forex trading techniques entails a series of orders above and below a set price. The objective is to profit from price volatility by placing buy and sell orders at regular intervals above and below a predetermined price level (for example, every 10 pips above and below).

If the price goes in one way, your position grows, and your floating PnL grows as well. Of course, there’s a chance you’ll have false breakouts or a quick reversal.


How to compare forex trading techniques?

Each trader should strive to figure out what their personal advantage is. This might be a collection of abilities possessed by the merchant.

Some traders, for example, may have a short attention span but are fast with numbers and may cope well with the stress of intraday trading. A trader with a different trading style may not be able to perform effectively in this type of setting, but may instead be a good strategist who can always keep the larger picture in mind.

It is very vital for new traders to discover what skills they may have and adjust the trading strategy to each individual’s personality, rather than the other way around. There are several advantages to forex trading, therefore it is up to you to evaluate which tactics are best for you.

How can you find out which forex trading techniques suits you?

Try them out with virtual money in a demo setting. When you have a good sense of which one suits you best, you may try it out in a real-world setting. Even then, the procedure isn’t complete.

Some traders may find day trading to be ideal for them, but later in their trading careers, they may switch to swing trading. Traders’ tastes, like the market environment, are always changing.

Start exploring the market and test forex trading techniques using a demo trading account. If you think you are ready for the real deal, sign up for a live account and start trading forex online today!

If you have any question please don’t hesitate to

CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 71.58% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.